Category Archives: Rust

ChaosCamp 2019

Attending the Chaos Camp 2019 as speaker was quite an experience. I did a talk about Secure Architecture of IoT Devices

UTest Harness for Rust (Setup/Test/Release)

Edit Titel should have been “setup/test/teardown”

The crate test-generator-utest implements a 3-phase utest-harness for Rust. These 3 phases are:

Setup: the setup function must initialize the context; in case the setup-function panics/aborts, the utest is aborted
fn() -> Context

Test: if the setup did return with valud context item, the context-reference is borowed to invoke the test-function
fn( & Context )

Teardown: no matter if the test-function above did panic/abort, the teardown function is invoked to release the context
fn( Context )

No matter of any panic or failing assertion in the second phase (feature testing), the teardown function is invoked. The test will either succeed, or otherwise unwinding a failure in the setup-phase, the test-phase or the teardown-phase.

This crate has been inspired by the post of Eric Opines.

## Usage

Please see the executable example mytests

extern crate test_generator_utest;

// demonstrating usage of utest-harness
mod testsuite {
    use std::fs::File;
    use std::io::prelude::*;

    use test_generator_utest::utest;

    // Defining a context structure, storing the resources
    struct Context<'t> { file: File, name: &'t str }

    // Setup - Initializing the resources
    fn setup<'t>(filename: &str) -> Context {
        // unwrap may panic
        Context { file: File::create(filename).unwrap(), name: filename }

    // Teardown - Releasing the resources
    fn teardown(context: Context) {
        let Context { file, name } = context;

        // drop file resources

        // unwrap may panic

    // Test - verify feature
    fn test_write_hello_world(ctx: &Context) {
        // may panic
        let mut file = ctx.file.try_clone().unwrap();

        // may panic
        file.write_all(b"Hello, world!\n").unwrap();

        // demonstrating assertion


    // Test - verify feature
    fn test_write_hello_europe(ctx: &Context) {
        // may panic
        let mut file = ctx.file.try_clone().unwrap();

        // may panic
        file.write_all(b"Hello, Europe!\n").unwrap();

        // demonstrating assertion


    // Defining Utest formed by setup, test and teardown
        || setup("/tmp/hello_world.txt"),
        |ctx_ref| test_write_hello_world(ctx_ref),

    // Defining Utest formed by setup, test and teardown
        || setup("/tmp/hello_europe.txt"),

Executing the example code cargo test -p test-generator-example testsuite the testsuote above will print the following output.

running 2 tests
test testsuite::hello_europe ... ok
test testsuite::hello_world ... ok

test result: ok. 2 passed; 0 failed; 0 ignored; 0 measured; 3 filtered out

Please let me know about possibel improvements via github-issues at test-generator-utest

Test-generator v0.3

A new version of test-generator (0.3) has been published. This crate introduces #[test_resources(PATTERN] and #[bench_resources(PATTERN)] procedural macro attributes that generates multiple parametrized tests using one body with different resource input parameters. A test is generated for each resource matching the specific resource location pattern.

The Computer Language Benachmarks Game: Rust ranks #1 for n-body

The Computer Language Benchmarks Game is a free software project for comparing how a given subset of simple algorithms can be implemented in various popular programming languages.

I converted the fastest (dating early 2019) n-body C-implementation (#4) to Rust (#7) in a one-to-one fashion, gaining a performance encreasement by factor 1.6 to my own surprise.

The moment writing, the benachmarks are measured on quad-core 2.4Ghz Intel® Q6600® ; dating back to the year 2006. This ancient hardware supports the SSSE3 64bit-SIMD instructions; both implementations are making use them intensively.

The conversion of the implementation from C to Rust was fun and educational; listing just a few:

  • The pattern of “static global memory” of C had to be transformed to similar code just based on he Rust ownership model.
  • Dealing with memory alignment-directives in Rust
  • Using the early, stable SIMD-API of Rust, namely std::arch::x86_64::*

I must admit that newer test-hardware with support for more advanced AVX-512 SIMD-instructions, would permit to run an even faster Rust-implementation of the n-body task as part of these benchmarks.